Lettre ouverte à l’attention des membres de l’assemblée parlementaire du conseil de l’Europe

February 4th, 2017

Conseil de l’Europe
Avenue de l’Europe
F-67075, Strasbourg Cedex
France

Cette lettre attire votre attention sur l’investigation en cours, menée par le procureur public milanais à l’encontre du précédent vice- président de l’assemblée parlementaire . M.Luca Volonte est en effet actuellement mis en examen et accusé d’avoir accepté la somme de 2,39 millions d’euros proposée par deux membres de l’assemblée parlementaire . En contrepartie, M. Luca Volonte devait user de son influence pour contrecarrer la résolution concernant les prisonniers politiques en Azerbaidjan.

Dans cette lettre, nous tenons principalement à vous adresser la requête pressante de retirer les deux membres de la délégation azerbaïdjanaise mis en cause dans cette affaire de corruption, à savoir M.Elhan Suleymanov et M.Muslim Mammadov et ce, jusqu’à ce que la justice statue sur leur sort. Nous vous demandons également de suspendre les votes de tous les représentants de la délégation azerbaïdjanaise car s’ils n’ont pas tous activement participé à ce délit, ils ne pouvaient cependant l’ignorer et n’ont, en dépit de cela, pris aucune mesure pour y mettre un terme.
Le rapport de l’initiative européenne pour la stabilité ainsi que l’investigation relayée par les médias italiens révèlent tous les dessous de cette sombre affaire.

En conséquence, le vote de 2013 concernant M.Christoph Strasse ne peut être considéré valable. le PACE devrait donc considérer la nomination d’un nouveau rapporteur ayant à coeur de dénoncer toute violation faite aux droits de l’homme et de garantir les libertés individuelles.

En 2014, le PACE à travers son comité des affaires juridiques et droit de l’homme avait édité un rapport intitulé « La présidence de l’Azerbaïdjan au sein du conseil de l’Europe : Les perspectives pour le respect des droits de l’homme. » Depuis cependant, aucun suivi n’a été réalisé après la publication du rapport.
Une récente décision condamnait à dix ans de prison deux jeunes activistes politiques Giyas Ibrahimov et Bayram Mammadov, victimes également de brutalités policières lors de leur détention. Ni le président de l’assemblée parlementaire ni les membres du comité de surveillance n’ont réagi à cette annonce, qui constitue pourtant clairement une violation des libertés politiques dans le pays. Dans le même temps, l’Union Européenne avait pourtant aussitôt déclaré cette décision « particulièrement inquiétante »

Le 18 Novembre 2016, la plus haute instance juridictionnelle en Azerbaidjan, saisie de l’appel formé par M. Ilgar Mammadov, prisonnier politique car haute figure de l’opposition, a maintenu la sentence condamnant M.Ilgar à sept ans d’emprisonnement. Cet emprisonnement illégal constitue pourtant une grave violation des obligations légales de l’Azerbaidjan et constitue un affront envers le comité des ministres qui a, à plusieurs reprises enjoint à l’Azerbaïdjan de se conformer aux décisions contenues dans le rapport émis en 2014 par la Cour Européenne des Droit de l’homme et d’obtenir la libération immédiate et inconditionnelle de M.Ilgar Mammadov.
Contrairement au comité des ministres qui a pleine conscience de la gravité des violations commises par l’Azerbaidjan et envisage donc en conséquence de prendre des mesures à l’encontre de l’Azerbaidjan, PACE a fait preuve d’une coupable abstention, quant aux manquements de l’Azerbaïdjan aux obligations découlant de la Convention des droits de l’homme et au respect des décisions de la cour européenne.

Compte tenu de ce qui précède, nous requérons de l’assemblée parlementaire du Conseil de l’Europe de lutter fermement contre toute tentative de corruption au sein des institutions européennes pour la défense des droits de l’homme et de démontrer cette forte volonté en prenant les mesures qui s’imposent quant aux violations commises :

* Exiger le retrait immédiat des deux membres de la délégation azerbaïdjanaise impliqués par la justice dans l’affaire de corruption ( Elkhan Suleymanov et Muslim Mammadov) et ce, jusqu’à ce qu’une décision soit rendue
* Suspendre les droits de vote de la délégation azerbaïdjanaise et ce, jusqu’à ce que la lumière soit faite sur l’affaire de corruption et que les prisonniers politiques aient été relâchés.
* Nommer un rapporteur spécial,
* Organiser un débat urgent portant sur les dangers de la corruption au sein du Conseil de l’Europe et nommer une commission spéciale chargée d’investiguer les éventuels manquements à l’éthique commis par les membres du PACE

Nous vous remercions pour l’attention que vous ne manquerez pas d’accorder à cette importante affaire.

Letter to the Members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE)

To Members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE)

Council of Europe
Avenue de l’Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex
FRANCE

16 January 2017

We are writing with a view to the criminal case against the former Vice President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), Mr. Luca Volonte, who is being investigated by the Milan public prosecutor’s office for allegedly accepting €2.39m in bribes from two members of PACE, Mr. Elkhan Suleymanov and Mr. Muslim Mammadov, in exchange for his efforts to thwart the 2013 critical resolution on political prisoners in Azerbaijan.

We urge you to immediately expel the two members of the Azerbaijani delegation accused of bribing other members (Elkhan Suleymanov and Muslim Mammadov), pending a full investigation. Furthermore, we urge you to suspend the voting rights of the entire Azerbaijani delegation, which we believe were completely aware of the bribery but failed to take a single step to stop it.

The European Stability Initiative’s report: The European Swamp (Caviar Diplomacy Part 2) – Prosecutors, Corruption and the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly [1] as well as the investigation conducted by the Italian broadcaster RAI reveal shameful details of the corruption scam.

To this end, the 2013 vote on Mr. Christoph Strässer’s resolution may not be considered legitimate. As a matter of urgency, PACE should immediately re-establish the mandate of a special rapporteur on political prisoners in Azerbaijan – a credible member of PACE with a solid record of scrutinising and reporting on human rights abuses – to write an objective report, in cooperation with the Council of Europe INGO conference experts and internationally-recognised rights watchdogs.

We recall that, in 2014, PACE, through its Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights (AS Jur) decided to proceed with a separate report titled “Azerbaijan’s Chairmanship of the Council of Europe: What follow-up on respect for human rights”. Since then, there has been no meaningful follow-up after the 2014 decision.  In the most recent example, neither the As Jur rapporteur nor his colleagues at the Monitoring Committee, and not even the PACE leadership, reacted to the harsh ten-year sentences handed down by a court in Azerbaijan to young political activists Giyas Ibrahimov and Bayram Mammadov, along with allegations of ill-treatment during their detention. To the contrary, the European Union immediately issued a statement, in which they called the sentences “particularly worrying [2]”.

On 18 November 2016, the highest court in Azerbaijan considered the appeal by the Azerbaijani political prisoner and opposition leader Mr. Ilgar Mammadov against his seven-year long prison sentence and ruled to uphold it. The continued illegal imprisonment of Mr. Mammadov constitutes a blatant breach of Azerbaijan’s explicit legal obligations, and is an affront to the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, which has repeatedly demanded that Azerbaijan comply with the 2014 decision by the European Court of Human Rights and immediately and unconditionally release Ilgar Mammadov.  Contrary to the Committee of Ministers, which is now considering legal action against Azerbaijan, PACE has failed to take a decisive action against such a flagrant and persistent violation of the Convention and of the principles on which it is founded, including respect for the binding judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.

To this end, we call on PACE to eliminate any trace of corruption and misconduct within the Pan-European human rights organisation, and to demonstrate a strong and consolidated stance on human rights violations in Azerbaijan. Specifically, we urge you do the following:

  • – Immediately expel the two members of the Azerbaijani delegation accused of bribing other members (Elkhan Suleymanov and Muslim Mammadov), pending a full investigation.
  • – Suspend the voting rights of the entire Azerbaijani delegation, pending a full investigation into the corruption and until Ilgar Mammadov and other political prisoners have been released.
  • – Re-establish the mandate of a special rapporteur on political prisoners in Azerbaijan – a credible member of PACE with a solid record of scrutinising and reporting on human rights abuses – to write an objective report in cooperation with the Council of Europe INGO conference experts and internationally-recognised rights watchdogs.
  • – Call for an urgent debate on the corruption scam within the Council of Europe; appoint a special ethical commission to investigate alleged involvement of the other members of PACE in the bribery case.

Thank you for considering this important matter.

Undersigned:

  1. Intigam Aliyev, Chairman, Legal Education Society
  2. Rasul Jafarov, human rights defender
  3. Khadija Ismayilova, investigative journalist
  4. Leyla Yunus, Director, Institute for Peace and Democracy
  5. Mehman Aliyev, Director, Turan Information Agency
  6. Annaghi Hajibayli, Chairman, Azerbaijani Lawyers Association
  7. Asabali Mustafayev, President, Democracy and Human Rights Resource Center
  8. Gubad Bayramov (Ibadoghlu), Chairman, Public Initiatives Center
  9. Avaz Zeynalli, Editor-in-chief, Khural newspaper
  10. Ogtay Gulaliyev, Coordinator, Public Alliance  “Azerbaijan Without Political Prisoners”
  11. Khalid Baghirov, lawyer
  12. Khalig Bahadir, journalist
  13. Natig Jafarli, Executive secretary, Republican Alternative Movement
  14. Shahin Hajiyev, Editor, Turan Information Agency
  15. Fariz Namazov,  attorney
  16. Nemat Karimli , attorney
  17. Hafiz Babali, Deputy chairman, Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety
  18. Hakimeldostu Mehdiyev, journalist
  19. Bashir Suleymanli, Director, Institute for Citizens’ Rights
  20. Samira Aghayeva, lawyer
  21. Parvin Guliyev, Youth Club public union
  22. Zaur Akbar, President, Youth Atlantic Treaty Association
  23. Latafat Malikova, Chairwoman , Regional Human Rights and Education Center
  24. Ulvi Hasanli, NIDA Civic Movement
  25. Turgut Gambar, NIDA Civic Movement
  26. Necmin Kamilsoy, NIDA Civic Movement
  27. Ilgar Taghi, brother of murdered journalist Rafig Taghi, human rights activist
  28. Shahriyar  Gahraman, activist
  29. Mehman Huseynov, Chairman, Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety
  30. Elchin Hasanzade, journalist
  31. Ramiz Guliyev, journalist, former political prisoner
  32. Elshan Hasanov, Chairman, Monitoring Centre for Political Prisoners
  33. Fargana Novruzova, journalist
  34. Yashar Aghazade, lawyer
  35. Emin Huseynov, Co-founder, Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety
  36. Rashid Hajili, Director, Media Rights Institute
  37. Alovsat Aliyev, Director, LEQAT LLC
  38. Tahmina Taghiyeva, journalist
  39. Gullu Jahangirova, human rights activist
  40. Jasur Mammadov, Director, Caspian Defense Studies Institute
  41. Lachin Mamishov, journalist
  42. Elchin Mammad, Chairman, Public Association “Legal Education of Sumgayit Youth”
  43. Orkhan Mammad, journalist, Meydan TV
  44. Emin Aslanov, lawyer
  45. Fikrat Huseynli, journalist, Azadliq newspaper
  46. Arif Mammadov, Co-chairman, Democracy for Azerbaijan
  47. Sevinj Mizayeva (Osmangizi), journalist
  48. Ganimat Zahid, Editor-in-chief, Azadliq newspaper
  49. Zohrab Ismayil, Chairman, Public Association for Assistance to Free Economy
  50. Ordukhan Teymurkhan, human rights activist
  51. Nizami Abdullayev,  journalist
  52. Ilham Hasan, Chairman, European Co-ordination Center of Musavat Party
  53. Idrak Abbasov, Co-founder, Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety
  54. Malahat Nasibova, Director, Democracy Development Resource Center
  55. Sabuhi Gafarov, human rights defender
  56. Arastun Orujlu, Director, East-West Research Center
  57. Anar Orujov, Director, Kanal 13
  58. Yashar Jafarli, human rights defender
  59. Elchin Abdullayev, Chairman, Democratic Institutions and Human Rights Social Union
  60. Leila Alieva, President, Regional Center for Strategic Studies


Signatories from international and partner organisations:

  1. World Organisation Against Torture
  2. People in Need
  3. International Partnership for Human Rights 
  4. Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights 
  5. Netherlands Helsinki Committee
  6. HumanRights.CH
  7. Crude Accountability
  8. Lawyers’ Committee for Human Rights 
  9. Human Rights Monitoring Institute  (Lithuania) 
  10. Analytical Center for Interethnic Cooperation and Consultations (Georgia)
  11. Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union
  12. Center for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights (Russia)
  13. Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of Law 
  14. Center for Civil Liberties (Ukraine) 
  15. Human Rights Movement “Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan”
  16. Albanian Helsinki Committee
  17. Belarusian Human Rights House 
  18. European Christian Workers Movement
  19. Reporters Without Borders 
  20. Human Rights House Foundation
[1] http://www.esiweb.org/index.php?lang=en&id=156&document_ID=181
[2] https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/16870/statement-spokesperson-cases-giyas-ibrahimov-and-bayram-mammedov_en